ECHELON

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Contents

Management Summary

  • Echelon has been used as the name of a worldwide COMINT computer network used by the NSA
  • Echelon has been called "Project 415" by Lockheed Space and Missiles Corporation who installed / operated parts of the system
  • The stations are run and operated mostly by US INSCOM but also by the partners of the UKUSA Agreement

Stations

Name Location Operator Status Coverage and Capabilities
Menwith Hill Menwith Hill, Yorkshire (UK) Royal Airforce (RAF) GB Active SIGINT Satelite Signals Reception
Bad Aibling Bad Aibling (DE) US INSCOM (US) Active SIGINT Satelite Signals Reception
Darmstadt Griesheim Darmstadt (DE) US INSCOM (US) Active
Field Station Berlin Teufelsberg Berlin (DE) US INSCOM (US) Closed -
Misawa Air Base Misawa (JP) PACAF (US) Active
Acrotiri Acrotiri (CY) Royal Airforce (RAF) (UK) Active
Guantánamo Bay Guantanamo Bay (CU) Active
Pine Gap (AU) Pine Gap (AU) Active SIGINT Satelite Signals Reception

Codenames Used

Codename Usage Period Description Previous Codename used Successor Codename used
ECHELON Network of SIGINT Capabilities PROJECT415
CHALET 10.07.1978 - 29.06.1979 SIGINT Satellite Type - VORTEX
VORTEX 30.06.1979 - SIGINT Satellite Type CHALET MERCURY
MERCURY -1987 SIGINT Satellite Type VORTEX
MOONPENNY satellite communications monitoring - SPRINKLER
SPRINKLER collection processing (CP) MOONPENNY
RUNWAY control network for VORTEX
SILKWORTH Ground Collection & Processing System @MENWITH HILL STATION
SIRE Processing system
RHYOLITE
STEEPLEBUSH since 1984 Control Center @MENWITH HILL STATION  
STEEPLEBUSH II since 1993 Control Center @MENWITH HILL STATION  
ARGUS
SIRE

Documents from Parlamantery Investigations

German Parliament Investigation

European Parliaments Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System

Date Source Titel Tags
11.07.2001 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System, Rapporteur: Gerhard Schmid Report on the existence of a global system for the interception of private and commercial communications (ECHELON interception system)
22.03.2001 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Working papers, meeting 22. March 2001 (19.2 Mb)
22.01.2001 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Working papers, meeting 22. January 2001 (11.6 Mb)
28.11.2000 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Working papers, meeting 28. November 2000 (8.9 Mb)
22.11.2000 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Working papers, meeting 22. November 2000 (5.5 Mb)
20.11.2000 European Parliament, Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Working papers, meeting 20. November 2000 (13 Mb)

Articles

201X

Date Source Titel Tags
20150803 firstlook.org/theintercept GCHQ and me: My Life unmasking British Eavesdroppers GCHQ / ECHELON
20130718 globalresearch.ca Documents Show Undersea Cable Firms Provide Surveillance Access to US Secret State TELSTRA / PCCW / ECHELON / IVY BELLS / AT&T / NSA / XKEYSCORE / NUCLEON / PINWALE / MAINWAY / MARINA / LEVEL 3 / TEMPORA
20130629 privacysurgeon.org Former NSA contractor warns of “murky” interception arrangements NSA / DE / FI / GB / DK / NL / FR / ES / IT / US / CA / AU / NZ / ECHELON / BND / CESID / OPERATION DELIKATESSE / TR / MIT
01.03.2012 guardian.co.uk Menwith Hill eavesdropping base undergoes massive expansion GB ECHELON / MENWITH HILL STATION

200X

Date Source Title Tags
21.12.2005 cryptome.org Signals intelligence and human rights: the ECHELON report NSA / ECHELON
20040322 telepolis.de Bleibt das Echelon-Lauschsystem Deutschland erhalten? ECHELON / Bad Aibling Station (DE) / INSCOM Griesheim (DE)
2002 Daniel S. Poole Free Congress Report: ECHELON: America's Secret Global Surveillance Network ECHELON
20011026 telepolis.de Lauschposten in Bad Aibling bleibt bestehen Bad Aibling Station (DE) / ECHELON
20010905 telepolis.de Europa-Parlament verabschiedet Echelon-Bericht - USA verfolgen neue Geheimdienstpolitik ECHELON / US / EU
20010628 telepolis.de Mit Echelon gegen ETA? Möglicherweise suchen USA nach einer Rechtfertigung des Lauschsystems in Europa ES / ECHELON
20010511 spiegel.de Spionagesystem "Echelon": EU-Parlamentarier in Washington brüskiert ECHELON
20010511 spiegel.de EU-US Crashtest über "Echelon": Ein diplomatischer Vergeltungsschlag? ECHELON
20010420 telepolis.de Das globale Abhör-Puzzle - Gerhard Schmid über Arbeitsweise und Erkenntnisse des Echelon-Ausschusses des Europaparlaments ECHELON
25.07.2000 telepolis.de Duncan Campbell: Inside Echelon - The history, structure und function of the global surveillance system known as Echelon ECHELON
09.06.2000 Duncan Campbell for the Electronic Privacy Center (EPIC) Signals intelligence and human rights: The Echelon Report ECHELON
05.05.2000 cryptome.org PADDIES JOIN GLOBAL SPY NETWORK GCHQ / IE / ECHELON
20000428 spiegel.de Netzdepesche: Warum die CIA "nie" offensiv spielt ECHELON / NSA
20000418 spiegel.de Netzdepesche: Bundesregierung sieht Echelon gelassen ECHELON / DE
20000417 telepolis.de Bundesregierung bestätigt Existenz von Echelon ECHELON / DE
20000331 spiegel.de Große Ohren: Echelon - Spionage unter Freunden ECHELON
30.01.2000 cryptome.org USA Spys Economic Information of EU-Countries: Electronic spying system breaks encryption programs. GCHQ / ECHELON / EU
20000126 wired.com Echelon 'Proof' Discovered ECHELON

199X

Date Source Title Tags
27.12.1999 cryptome.org HITLER WOULD HAVE LOVED IT ECHELON / SIGINT / DK
26.12.1999 cryptome.org HÆKKERUP: MANY ARE MONITORING US ECHELON / SIGINT / DK
23.12.1999 cryptome.org NEW EXPOSURE ON ECHELON - Sigint/Surveillance/Denmark ECHELON / SIGINT / DK
21.12.1999 cryptome.org INTERVIEW: ECHELON WAS MY BABY - Sigint/surveillance/Denmark ECHELON / SIGINT / DK
31.05.1999 businessweek THEY’RE LISTENING TO YOUR CALLS: Echelon monitors phones, E-mail, and radio signals ECHELON
19980812 New Statesman Somebody's listening US ECHELON
199805 heise.de Abhör-Dschungel: Geheimdienste lesen ungeniert mit -- Grundrechte werden abgebaut DE / NSA / ECHELON / GCHQ / BND
29.04.1998 cryptome.org Jeffrey T. Richelson: The U.S. Intelligence Community US / SIGINT
01.02.1997 Nicky Hager Exposing the Global Surveillance System ECHELON

198X

Date Source Title Tags
19880812 Duncan Campbell Somebody´s listening ECHELON

197X

Date Source Title Tags
19720802 Ramparts U.S. Electronic Espionage: A Memoir ECHELON / NSA

Other Web Resources

Source Title Tags
bibliotecapleyades.net La Red Echelon ECHELON
FAS FAS Collection on ECHELON ECHELON
Telepolis Telepolis Themenseite (Sammlung) zu Echelon (german)
Cyber-Rights & Cyber-Liberties Echelon Watch Pages
US/english wikipedia Echelon (Signals Intelligence) -
Kai Raven ECHELON: Das globale Abhörnetzwerk (german)
character-education.us Echelon Project - NSA Defense Intelligence

Other Material

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