SY

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SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

Contents

Intel Environment

Military Alliance
Interior Intelligence Services Air Force Intelligence Directorate / Political Security Directorate
Exterior Intelligence Services General Security Directorate
Military Intelligence Services Military Intelligence
SIGINT/COMINT Alliances

Telco/Carrier/ISP Environment

Type Name Ownership Main Office URL Notes
GSM 900/1800 MTN Syria (JSC)  ?  ? http://www.mtn.com.sy/
GSM 900/1800 Syriatel Mobile Telecom SA (SYRIATEL)  ?  ? http://www.syriatel.sy/
ISP SAWA ISP, Syria http://www.sawaisp.sy/
ISP 190.sy - Internet Service Provider http://www.190.sy/
ISP Syria Nobles - Internet Service Provider http://www.syrianobles.com/
ISP Aalami - Internet Service Provider http://www.aalami.sy/
ISP AYA - Internet Service Provider http://aya.sy/
ISP e-lcom - Internet Service Provider   http://e-lcom.com/
ISP Sawa - Internet Service Provider http://www.cec.sy/sawa/index.php
ISP Scs-net(Aloola) - Internet Service Provider   http://www.aloola.sy/portal/
ISP Tarassul - Internet Service Provider http://www.tarassul.sy/
ISP Best Italia - Internet Service Provider     http://www.bestitalia.net/pkg07/

Transnational Cables and Connections

Type Name Ownership Connecting Operator Point A Connection Operator Point B URL/Notes
5 Gbit/s ALETAR Alexandria (Egypt) Tarsous (Syria) WP
5 Gbit/s BERYTAR Beirut (Lebanon) Tartous (Syria) WP
622 Mbit/s UGARIT Pentaskhinos (Cyprus) Tartous (Syria) WP

SIGINT/COMINT Stations and Operators

Privacy Related Legislation

LI Legislation

SIGINT/COMINT Legal Grounds

Vendor Appearance

Articles / Events

2014

Date Source Title Tags
20141112 taz.de Handel mit Überwachungstechnologie: Big Brother per Mausklick TROVICOR / BH / GAMMA / SY / BLUECOAT / IR / CREATIVITY / HACKINGTEAM / AMESYS / DE
20140329 firstlook.org Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted Leaders NSA / DE / MERKEL, ANGELA / PS / ML / MY / SO / PE / BY / GT / CO / SY / UA / Target Knowledge Database (TKB) / NYMROD
20140329 spiegel.de 'A' for Angela: GCHQ and NSA Targeted Private German Companies and Merkel NSA / DE / MERKEL, ANGELA / PS / ML / MY / SO / PE / BY / GT / CO / SY / UA / Target Knowledge Database (TKB) / NYMROD / GCHQ / STELLAR / CETEL / IABG
20140329 rt.com From Merkel to Tymoshenko: NSA spied on 122 world leaders, Snowden docs reveal NSA / DE / MERKEL, ANGELA / PS / ML / MY / SO / PE / BY / GT / CO / SY / UA / Target Knowledge Database (TKB) / NYMROD
20140329 spiegel.de Überwachungsskandal: NSA speicherte mehr als 300 Berichte über Merkel NSA / DE / MERKEL, ANGELA / PS / ML / MY / SO / PE / BY / GT / CO / SY / UA / Target Knowledge Database (TKB) / NYMROD

2013

Date Source Title Tags
20130621 citizenlab.org A Call to Harm: New Malware Attacks Target the Syrian Opposition SY
20130425 reuters.com Dubai firm agrees $2.8 million fine over Syria sanctions-busting BLUECOAT / SY / COMPUTERLINKS
20130425 bluecoat.com Blue Coat Commends the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security for Penalizing Third Party Involved in the Illegal Transfer of Blue Coat Products BLUECOAT / SY / COMPUTERLINKS

2012

Date Source Title Tags
29.10.2012 wsj.com U.S. Firm Acknowledges Syria Uses Its Gear to Block Web BLUECOAT / SY
17.08.2012 espresso.repubblica.it Chi spiava la rete per Assad SY / BLUECOAT / AREA
26.07.2012 reuters.com France investigates tech firm accused of aiding Syria QOSMOS / SY
31.05.2012 eff.org Trojan Hidden in Fake Revolutionary Documents Targets Syrian Activists SY
30.05.2012 spiegel.de Iran und Syrien: Anti-Zensur-Software spioniert Web-User aus IR SY
02.05.2012 eff.org Fake Skype Encryption Tool Targeted at Syrian Activists Promises Security, Delivers Spyware SKYPE SY
24.04.2012 sueddeutsche.de Sanktionen gegen Schnüffler: Obama will Unterdrückung durch Technologie verhindern US SY IR
23.04.2012 networkworld.com Obama authorizes sanctions against surveillance tech in Syria, Iran US SY IR
10.04.2012 spiegel.de Fernsehbericht: Siemens lieferte Überwachungstechnik an Syrien DE SY SIEMENS TROVICOR
10.04.2012 mdr.de Siemens liefert Überwachungstechnik nach Syrien DE SY SIEMENS TROVICOR
21.02.2012 spiegel.de Syrische Spyware: Staatstrojaner Marke Eigenbau SY Trojans
15.02.2012 bloomberg.com Syria Disrupts Text Messaging of Protesters With Made-in-Dublin Equipment SY CELLUSYS ADAPTIVEMOBILE
13.02.2012 zeit.de PENSIONSFONDS: Norwegen investiert Milliarden in Hersteller von Überwachungstechnik - Der staatliche Pensionsfonds von Norwegen investiert in Firmen, die Regimen wie Syrien mit Spionage- und Zensurtechnik helfen. Der Ethikrat des Fonds könnte das ändern. NO / BLUECOAT / NETAPP / ERICSSON / THALES / SY
22.01.2012 taz.de Software für Diktatoren: Von Peking bis Damaskus spionieren Geheimdienstler das Netz aus. Das System "Deep Packet Inspection" (DPI) aus dem Hause der kalifornischen Firma Narus hilft dabei. CN LY SY AMESYS NARUS QOSMOS
00.01.2012 monde-diplomatique.fr Une technologie qui intéresse Etats et entreprises: Surveillance « profonde » sur Internet CN LY SY AMESYS NARUS QOSMOS

2011

Date Source Title Tags
23.12.2011 businessweek.com Bloomberg: Israel Didn’t Know High-Tech Gear Was Sent to Iran Via Denmark DK IL IR SY ALLOT BLUECOAT
07.12.2011 NDR Zapp German spyware for dictators (Flash Version) (On Youtube) BH DE EG IR OM SY TM DREAMLAB FINFISHER GAMMA TROVICOR
07.12.2011 NDR Zapp Das Geschäft mit Sicherheitstechnologie BH DE EG IR OM SY TM DREAMLAB FINFISHER GAMMA TROVICOR
04.11.2011 spiegel.de Monitoring the Opposition: Siemens Allegedly Sold Surveillance Gear to Syria SY / SIEMENS / TROVICOR
04.11.2011 bloomberg.com Syria Crackdown Gets Italy Firm’s Aid With U.S.-Europe Spy Gear SY AREA UTIMACO QOSMOS
30.10.2011 Spiegel Verbotene Exporte: Syriens Regime überwacht Internet mit US-Technik AE BH QA SY BLUECOAT
29.10.2011 Wall Street Journal U.S. Firm Acknowledges Syria Uses Its Gear to Block Web AE BH QA SY BLUECOAT
23.10.2011 Washington Post Syria using American software to censor Internet, experts say SY BLUECOAT
15.10.2011 reflets.info Toi… Toi… Tu vas avoir de gros ennuis, Reflets… Ils vont te couper en deux, te… LY SY AMESYS
14.10.2011 Spiegel Online Vorwurf von Hackergruppe: Syrien soll Schnüffelsoftware aus USA einsetzen SY BLUECOAT
15.09.2011 Wall Street Journal U.S. Deploys Tech Firms to Win Syrian Allies SY
11.09.2011 reflets.info #OpSyria: When the Internet does not let citizens down SY BLUECOAT SSL
01.09.2011 reflets.info Bluecoat’s role in Syrian censorship and nationwide monitoring system #OpSyria SY BLUECOAT SSL
21.08.2011 news-intercom.tumblr.com Stop BlueCoat.com now - #OpSyria SY BLUECOAT SSL
19.08.2011 reflets.info #OpSyria s01e03 – NASDAQ’s Blood Diamonds SY BLUECOAT
15.08.2011 youtube.com Stop BlueCoat.com Now #OpSyria SY BLUECOAT SSL
05.08.2011 scancomark.se How it is bad to sell advanced technology to dictators. How Nokia technology helps Al - Assad finds dissidents SY Siemens LI / Monitoring Centers
22.07.2011 worldtribune.com Report details Iran's massive backing for Assad in bid to salvage 'Shi'ite crescent' SY IR SIEMENS Nokia TROVICOR
06.05.2011 theregister.co.uk Fake certificate attack targets Facebook users in Syria SY SSL Attacks
06.05.2011 twitter.com Blue Coat in Syria? RT @ioerror: 82.137.192.194 appears to be a Blue Coat proxy that a lot of traffic flows through SY BLUECOAT SSL

2009

Date Source Title Tags
07.08.2009 OpenNet Initiative Internet Filterin in Syria SY

Situations

Personal tools